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plc毕业论文文献中英翻译

发布时间: 2021-01-14 03:23:54

① 关于毕业设计:基于plc的自动门控制系统 的外文文献翻译

童鞋你好!
这个估计需要自己搜索了!
网上基本很难找到免费给你服务的!
我在这里给你点搜索国际上常用的外文数据库:
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❶ISI
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❷Elsevier
SDOL数据库
IEEE/IEE(IEL)
❸EBSCOhost
RSC英国皇家化学学会
❹ACM美国计算机学会
ASCE美国土木工程师学会
❺Springer电子期刊
WorldSciNet电子期刊全文库
❻Nature周刊
NetLibrary电子图书
❼ProQuest学位论文全文数据库
❽国道外文专题数据库
CALIS西文期刊目次数据库
❾推荐使用ISI
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中文翻译得自己做了,实在不成就谷歌翻译。
弄完之后,自己阅读几遍弄顺了就成啦!
学校以及老师都不会看这个东西的!
外文翻译不是论文的主要内容!
所以,很容易过去的!
祝你好运!

② 【求PLC外文文献】有没有一片关于PLC控制的外文文献,带翻译更好,毕业设计用,不少于5000字。

外文文献有,但中文翻译没有,翻译得靠你自己了,如果需要的话回复即可,希望能帮到你,多多给点悬赏分吧,急用的话请多选赏点分吧,这样更多的知友才会及时帮到你,我找到也是很花时间的

③ 求PLC相关英文文献 以及 中文翻译——毕业设计急用

你要的不知是不是这个...希望帮得了你...

Central Processing Unit (CPU) is the brain of a PLC controller. CPU itself is usually one of the microcontrollers. Aforetime these were 8-bit microcontrollers such as 8051, and now these are 16-and 32-bit microcontrollers. Unspoken rule is that you’ find mostly Hitachi and Fujicu microcontrollers in PLC controllers by Japanese makers, Siemens in European controllers, and Motorola microcontrollers in American ones. CPU also takes care of communication, interconnectedness among other parts of PLC controllers, program execution, memory operation, overseeing input and setting up of an output. PLC controllers have complex routines for memory checkup in order to ensure that PLC memory was not damaged (memory checkup is done for safety reasons).Generally speaking, CPU unit makes a great number of check-ups of the PLC controller itself so eventual errors would be discovered early. You can simply look at any PLC controller and see that there are several indicators in the form. of light diodes for error signalization.
System memory (today mostly implemented in FLASH technology) is used by a PLC for a process control system. Aside form. this operating system it also contains a user program translated forma ladder diagram to a binary form. FLASH memory contents can be changed only in case where user program is being changed. PLC controllers were used earlier instead of PLASH memory and have had EPROM memory instead of FLASH memory which had to be erased with UV lamp and programmed on programmers. With the use of FLASH technology this process was greatly shortened. Reprogramming a program memory is done through a serial cable in a program for application development.
User memory is divided into blocks having special functions. Some parts of a memory are used for storing input and output status. The real status of an input is stored either as “1”or as “0”in a specific memory bit/ each input or output has one corresponding bit in memory. Other parts of memory are used to store variable contents for variables used in used program. For example, time value, or counter value would be stored in this part of the memory.
PLC controller can be reprogrammed through a computer (usual way), but also through manual programmers (consoles). This practically means that each PLC controller can programmed through a computer if you have the software needed for programming. Today’s transmission computers are ideal for reprogramming a PLC controller in factory itself. This is of great importance to instry. Once the system is corrected, it is also important to read the right program into a PLC again. It is also good to check from time to time whether program in a PLC has not changed. This helps to avoid hazardous situations in factory rooms (some automakers have established communication networks which regularly check programs in PLC controllers to ensure execution only of good programs).
Almost every program for programming a PLC controller possesses various useful options such as: forced switching on and off of the system input/outputs (I/O lines), program follow up in real time as well as documenting a diagram. This documenting is necessary to understand and define failures and malfunctions. Programmer can add remarks, names of input or output devices, and comments that can be useful when finding errors, or with system maintenance. Adding comments and remarks enables any technician (and not just a person who developed the system) to understand a ladder diagram right away. Comments and remarks can even quote precisely part numbers if replacements would be needed. This would speed up a repair of any problems that come up e to bad parts. The old way was such that a person who developed a system had protection on the program, so nobody aside from this person could understand how it was done. Correctly documented ladder diagram allows any technician to understand thoroughly how system functions.
Electrical supply is used in bringing electrical energy to central processing unit. Most PLC controllers work either at 24 VDC or 220 VAC. On some PLC controllers you’ll find electrical supply as a separate mole. Those are usually bigger PLC controllers, while small and medium series already contain the supply mole. User has to determine how much current to take from I/O mole to ensure that electrical supply provides appropriate amount of current. Different types of moles use different amounts of electrical current.
This electrical supply is usually not used to start external input or output. User has to provide separate supplies in starting PLC controller inputs because then you can ensure so called “pure” supply for the PLC controller. With pure supply we mean supply where instrial environment can not affect it damagingly. Some of the smaller PLC controllers supply their inputs with voltage from a small supply source already incorporated into a PLC.
从结构上分,PLC分为固定式和组合式(模块式)两种。固定式PLC包括CPU板、I/O板、显示面板、内存块、电源等,这些元素组合成一个不可拆卸的整体。模块式PLC包括CPU模块、I/O模块、内存、电源模块、底板或机架,这些模块可以按照一定规则组合配置。
在使用者看来,不必要详细分析CPU的内部电路,但对各部分的工作机制还是应有足够的理解。CPU的控制器控制CPU工作,由它读取指令、解释指令及执行指令。但工作节奏由震荡信号控制。运算器用于进行数字或逻辑运算,在控制器指挥下工作。寄存器参与运算,并存储运算的中间结果,它也是在控制器指挥下工作。CPU速度和内存容量是PLC的重要参数,它们决定着PLC的工作速度,IO数量及软件容量等,因此限制着控制规模。
PLC使用系统存储器(现在大部分采用闪存技术了)用于过程控制系统。除了这个操作系统之外,它还包括一个由梯形图翻译成而进制形式的用户程序。快擦型存储器(FLASH memory)的内容只有在改变用户程序的时候可以被改变。PLC控制器比快擦型存储器使用得更早,EPROM存储器比快擦型存储器也更早,快擦型存储器必须用紫外线(UV,Ultra-Violet Ray)灯擦除,并在编程器上进行编程。由于快擦型存储器技术的应用,使得这个过程大大缩短了。在应用程序开发中,通过一个串行电缆可以对程序存储器进行重新编程。
用户存储器被分成具有特殊功能的块。一部分存储器用来存储输入和输出状态。一个输入的实际状态存储状态存储在专用存储器位上,为“1”或者“0”。每一个输入和输出在存储器中都有一个相应的位。另外一部分存储器用来存储用户程序中的变量的内容。例如,定时器值,或者记数器值存放在存储器的这个部分。
PLC控制器可以通过计算机(通常方式)重新编程,但是也可以通过人工编程器9控制台)编程。实际上,这意味着,如果你有编程所需要的软件,早期PLC控制器可以通过计算机进行编程。今天的传输计算机是工厂自己对PLC控制器进行重新编程的理想设备。这对于工业企业来说是非常重要的。一旦系统修改结束,将正确的程序重新读入PLC控制器也是非常重要的。定期检查PLC中的程序是否改变是非常好的事情。这有助于避免车间发生危险情况(一些汽车制造商已经建立了通信网络,可以定期检查PLC中的程序,以保证运行的程序都是正确的)。
几乎所有用于为PLC控制器编程的程序都拥有各种不同的选项,例如系统输入/输出(I/O线)的强制开关,程序实时跟踪以及图表验证。图表验证对于理解、定义失败和故障非常必要。程序员可以添加标记,书日和输出设备名称,以及对于查找错误或者对于系统维护很有用的注释。添加注释和标记可以使技术人员(不仅仅是开发人员)很快理解梯形图。注释和标记甚至还可以准确地引用零件号,如果需要更换零件的话。这将加快由于损坏零件而引起的任何问题的修理速度。响应的旧方法是这样的,开发系统的人必须保护这个程序,他旁边再没有人知道系统是怎样完成的。正确的、备有证明文件的梯形图使任何技术人员都能彻底理解系统的功能。
电源是为中央处理单元提供电源的。大部分PLC控制器的工作电压为24VDC或者220VAC。在有些PLC控制器上,你可以看见作为独立模块的电源。用户必须确定从I/O模块取出多大电流来保证电源提供适当的电流。不同的模块使用不同的电流量。
该电源一般不用于启动外部输入或输出。用户必须提供独立的电源来启动PLC控制器的输入和输出,因为这样可以保证PLC控制器的所谓“纯电源”。使用纯电源意味着工业环境中的电源不会严重影响它。有些较小的PLC控制器从与PLC控制器集成在一起的小电源为它们的输入提供电压源。

④ 关于PLC的外文翻译参考文献

http://www.doc88.com/p-774868595298.html到这看一下吧
http://wenku..com/view/df747b3010661ed9ad51f364.html这个也有一点